The theme of WordPress is template or external appearance. How your WordPress blog / site will look or what things will show in any place is fixed with some of these themes. By default 3/4 themes are in WordPress and one is active. You can activate these themes one by one to see what they look like. If you don’t like any of these, you can download and install free themes available. By default themes are much better, there are about 1 thousand options to customize. This tutorial on all these
http://localhost/tutorial/wp-admin/themes.php By following this link you can see a list of all installed (by default) themes. This is the link to the “Themes” submenu of the “Appearance” menu.
Hovering the mouse over any theme will bring up the “Activate” button. With the selection of any one of your choice, the frontend of your site will change and become like the selected theme. No “Activate” button will appear when you move the mouse over what is currently active on the site. Currently the active theme will show up first, as you can see in the picture above, there is an active “Twenty Fourteen” theme.
Install new themes:
Thousands of free WordPress themes are available. Download any theme you want with Google search. Clicking on “Add New” in the “Themes” submenu will bring up a window to add new themes (like the image below). Select your theme by clicking “Upload Theme” from this window and install the new theme by clicking “Install Now”. Once the theme is installed, the new theme will show up with a list of default themes, and once you hover your mouse over it, you’ll get the “Activate” link.
View the frontend of the site by installing and activating as many themes as you want. If you don’t have all the work on the free theme then you have to create your own. For this you have to learn theme development. Knowing HTML, CSS and a little PHP, you can create your own theme. We will give video tutorial on theme development.
After the “Themes” submenu, from the “Customize” submenu, the color of the selected theme, where the search box will show, what will be on the left, whether there will be a calendar, how the menu in the theme will be, where the recent posts will show, etc. 20/25 types of things can be fixed from here. Below are a few examples
Filling in the two input boxes from the “Site Titile & Tagline” slider will make the text the title of the site and show it in the browser. If you do not want to see a title then uncheck the “Display Site Title & Tagline” checkbox.
Open the “Color” slider and from there you can adjust the color of the background of the whole site. In addition, the color of the title can be adjusted.
“Header Image” From here you can add any image on the frontend (header) of the site, like a banner. 1280 x 240 pictures of this resolution would be the best fit. Click on the “Add ne image” button to add a new image.
If you want the site from “Background Image” you can show a background image. The image that you select from “Select Image” will show as the background of the site.
Widgets are important. One of the sidebars or functionality you see on the left and right side of the site is a widget. Such as search box, Categories, Recent Comments, Archive, Recently Added Posts, etc. Click on “Widgets” again 3 sliders will appear like the image below the widget.
By default, the widgets in WordPress can be placed in the desired place by clicking on these 3 sliders. You will get the same widget in all 3, the purpose of making 3 sliders is to place them in 3 places. For example, if you select from “Primary Sidebar” the widget will be placed on the left, if you add it from “Content Sidebar” it will be placed on the content and if you add it from “Footer Widget Area” it will be placed on the right sidebar. These 3 sliders can be moved anywhere and even new sliders can be created but I will show them during theme development.
Clicking on any slider will show a list of widgets there as we have 6 widgets in this example left so you will see those 6 in the list of “Primary Sidebar”. E.g.
Clicking on any of the list will bring up the corresponding options of that widget such as “Recent Post” and see “Title”. Then you can decide how many posts you want to show “Number of post to show” with any number in this box. Ticking the “Display post date” checkbox will show the date of that post along with each recent post. If you do not want to show this widget, you can delete it by clicking on the “Remove” link below.
Then there is the “Static Front Page” option. It can also be edited from the settings so show it there.
After “Customize” there is a “Widgets” submenu. From here, things get trickier, and this is where the true customization of “Customize” comes in. Take a look at the picture below or visit the link http: //localhost/tutorial/wp-admin/widgets.php.
Now you can tell why the same thing is being done from two places? The answer is “to make it easier”. In fact, in earlier versions of WordPress, these things could not be done from “Customize”, only a few things could be done. Previously, all widget work had to be done from the “Widgets” submenu. There are many more things that can be done in WordPress from a few places.